The reason for the photo of the candidate on the Turkiye ballot is that

The presidential runoff in Turkiye on Nov. 28 (local time) sparked controversy when the ballots printed the candidates’ photos in addition to their names. The ballot메이저사이트, about the size of an adult male’s palm, featured President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the left and opposition candidate Kemal Kılıçdaroğlu on the right, with each candidate’s name and marking space below. The photos took up about half the paper. There were reportedly no restrictions on the photos used. Erdogan used the same photo on ballots in the 2014 and 2018 presidential elections.

A ballot used in South Sudan’s 2011 secession referendum.

Some countries with high illiteracy rates print candidate photos on ballots. They may also include party logos or symbols. South Sudan had an 80 percent illiteracy rate when it voted for independence in 2011. Voters were asked to mark a box with a “single palm” if they were in favor of independence and a “two interlocked hands” if they were against independence and wanted to remain united. Egypt and South Africa also printed candidate faces and party logos in color on their ballots. India used party symbols such as lotuses and elephants on its electronic voting machines. Some developed countries also do this to provide more information. Ireland, for example, includes candidate photos.

South Korea’s fourth presidential ballot. Bar symbols were used due to high illiteracy rates in Arabic numerals. /Election Commission

South Korea also used bar symbols to indicate the order of candidates on the ballot from the 1948 Constituent Assembly election to the 1967 seventh general election. From the 1971 presidential election, the bars were replaced with Arabic numerals, and from the 1991 local elections, the ballots were written in Hangul alone, without Chinese characters.


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